49 journalists were killed 2019

A total of 49 journalists were killed this year, 389 are currently in prison and 57 are being held hostage, according to the annual worldwide round-up of deadly violence and abusive treatment against journalists, released today by Reporters Without Borders (RSF). In its annual review, the Paris-based group found that the number of journalists killed in 2019 was the lowest since 2003, representing a "historically low" figure compared with an average of 80 journalists killed per year over the past two decades.

Some 63% of journalists killed worldwide were murdered or deliberately targeted, Reporters Without Borders added. In Mexico, 10 journalists were killed in 2019 - the same as in 2018. With at least 14 journalists killed in Latin America overall this year, the group noted that the region was now as deadly for reporters as the Middle East. In its report, Reporters Without Borders noted that a further eight journalists had been murdered in Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Honduras, Colombia and Haiti, but they had yet to be added to the annual roundup pending verification.


Genaro García Luna, former public security secretary

For some Mexicans, the news of Mr. García Luna’s arrest was almost unimaginable. For others, it was proof of enduring suspicions that he had been in bed with criminals all along. Still others interpreted it as a sweeping - and scalding - referendum on the two administrations in which he served.
Then there were those who found confirmation that the whole apparatus of Mexico’s government was once and forever corrupt.
Mr. García Luna was one of the architects - and the embodiment - of Mexico’s security strategy for a decade. From 2001 to 2005, during the administration of President Vicente Fox, Mr. García Luna led the Federal Investigative Agency, Mexico’s equivalent of the F.B.I.

He then became the public safety secretary in the cabinet of President Felipe Calderón from 2006 to 2012, overseeing his boss’s “war” on drug trafficking organizations and the deployment of the Mexican military to wage it.


Tropical Storm Lorena

At midnight the center of Tropical Storm Lorena was located near latitude 15.6 North, longitude 102.6 West. Lorena is moving toward the northwest near 15 mph (24 km/h). Tropical Cyclone LORENA-19 can have a low humanitarian impact based on the maximum sustained wind speed, exposed population and vulnerability.There has been little change in the cloud structure of Lorena since the last advisory, with the storm having a central convective feature and a ragged band in the western semicircle. A recently received WindSat overpass indicates the low-level center is located near the northwestern edge of the central convection.

Maximum sustained winds are near 50 mph (85 km/h) with higher gusts. Gradual strengthening is forecast during the next couple of days as Lorena approaches the coast of Mexico.


4 avocado trucks stolen every day

Up to four trucks carrying avocados are stolen every day in the violent Mexican state of Michoacán. Mexico’s president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, took office six months ago promising a new strategy to fight crime, but violence has continued unabated across the country. “There are at least 20 illegal armed groups violently competing for territories and markets in the state.

Yet not a single actor has been able to establish dominion over the others. This means war has become perpetual and extremely costly” for the criminal groups, Ernst - senior analyst Mexico for the International Crisis Group - said.


Hugs, not bullets

He promised to be the president of "hugs, not bullets," and to bring peace to Mexico after years of surging criminal violence. But Andrés Manuel López Obrador is facing a public outcry after a massacre at a birthday party that has revived a sense that the country is spinning out of control. The attack stood out for its brutality.

Gunmen burst into the birthday celebration in the southern state of Veracruz on Friday night, opening fire and killing five women, seven men and a 1-year-old boy, according to the state security chief, Hugo Gutierrez.


Mexico’s rsupervisor of airports and ports is suspected of facilitating drug trafficking

Deputy Director of Airports Supervision Juan Manuel Hernández Palafox has been linked to organized crime groups and facilitating the passage of drug shipments through Mexico City’s International Airport, as well as airports in Cancún, Guadalajara and Tijuana, Proceso reported. New documents allege that criminal organizations from Colombia, Peru and Venezuela send cocaine and heroin shipments to the designated Mexican airports.

In 2009, Hernández Palafox, then commander of Mexico’s federal police, was prosecuted on organized crime charges, after a video emerged exposing alleged relationships between himself and various other public officials and the Gulf Cartel. He was officially exonerated in 2010.


What would happen to people and trade if Trump closes border

Mexico is the United States' third-largest trading partner after Canada and China, so the impact of a border closing would be widespread and immediate. And the anticipated avocado shortages would just be one part of it. Who could come off worse? "It is a bit like a murder-suicide," says Andrew Selee, the president of the Migration Policy Institute, a think tank that describes itself as non-partisan. "You can hold a gun to the Mexican government, but it ricochets right back on to the US economy."
Mexico's Foreign Minister, Marcelo Ebrard, tweeted on Friday that the country will "not act on the basis of threats". The Mexican President, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, has also urged prudence. "We are not going get confrontational with the government of the United States," he said.

What will the impact be? Many Mexicans and US citizens live and work across the two countries. Many are enrolled in programs - such as the Trusted Traveler Program - that allow them to fast-track immigration lines.